Hydraulics and The Tractor
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THE HARRY FERGUSON
Harry Ferguson Hydraulic 3-piont Hitching System
Harry Ferguson, the son
of an Irish farmer, was born in Belfast in 1884. He started experimenting
with tractors and ploughs in his early years. Harry's main contribution
to tractor development was the invention of a hydraulically controlled
3-point hitching system for implements drawn behind the tractor. It was
called the "Ferguson System". The first tractors to use the Ferguson System
were produced by David Brown in 1938. The Ferguson Brown Type A.
Harry Ferguson met with Henry Ford in 1938 and, over a handshake, it
was agreed that the 3-point hitch would be installed on the Ford tractors
being built at that time.
It was also agreed that the tractors would carry the Ferguson insignia.
Ford 9N (1939-1942)
Ford 2N (1942-1947)
In 1947 the handshake agreement was terminated by Henry Ford's grandson.
Although the 3-point hitch was used, the Ferguson Insignia was not carried
on the next line of Ford tractors: Ford 8N
Ferguson sued and received a substantial settlement. Ferguson also
brought out his own tractors, starting with the TO-20 in 1948. They looked
remarkably similar to the Ford 9N and 2N, and of course, they had the 3-point
In 1953, Ferguson and Massey-Harris merged to form Massey-Harris-Ferguson.
Some time later, the company name was shortened to Massey-Ferguson.
1957 - Case purchased Indiana-based American
Tractor Corporation, a small, privately held firm that was developing a
hydraulically powered backhoe to attach to its crawler units. At the same
time, Case was developing a prototype industrial-wheel tractor designed
to accommodate a backhoe on the rear and a loader on the front. By spring
of 1957, Case successfully merged the technologies and introduced the landmark
Case Model 320, the industry's first factory-integrated tractor loader/backhoe
FORD "FORDSON" HYDRAULICS
In 1947 the handshake agreement
was terminated by Henry Ford's grandson. Although the 3-point hitch was
used, the Ferguson Insignia was not carried on the next line of Ford tractors:
Ford 8N (1947-1952)
Ferguson sued and received a substantial
To avoid further trouble, Ford deleloped
their own new hydraulic system which was used on the Golden Jubilee Ford
NAA tractor (1953-1954).
Ford only offered one model to the
public at any time. This tractor was always aimed at the 'average' farmer.
Only in 1954 did they first produce a range of tractors for different needs.
By providing a reliable and affordable tractor, Ford made an enormous contribution
to the growth in tractor use on farms around the world.
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